Recognize the Risks of Cardiovascular Disease

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Cardiovascular diseases generally refer to adverse conditions related to the heart and blood vessels. The cause of most types of cardiovascular disease is the accumulation of cholesterol on the walls of blood vessels, forming deposits which narrow and block these vessels. Common examples include coronary heart disease, stroke, hypertension, and myocardial infarction.

Cardiovascular disease is currently the leading cause of death in the world, accounting for approximately 31% of worldwide deaths1. In Hong Kong alone, one in five deaths is caused by cardiovascular disease2.

  1. World Health Organization (WHO)
  2. Hong Kong Department of Health, Centre for Health Protection (CHP)

Am I of a High-Risk Group?

Changeable Risk Factors

Fixed Risk Factors

The more risk factors you have, the higher your risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

If you want to know your ten-year risk of developing cardiovascular disease, you can skip to the free self-assessment section.

Prevent Cardiovascular Disease

80% of cardiovascular diseases, including heart disease and stroke, are preventable.

American Heart Association.

Controlling risk factors through the following methods can effectively reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

Make Lifestyle Changes

Regularly exercise and apply healthy eating habits, quit smoking, control your alcohol intake, and maintain a healthy weight.

Take Routine Physical Examinations

Individuals with any of the ‘three highs’ need to regularly check their blood pressure, blood sugar, and blood lipid index, as well as control their condition to prevent the development of cardiovascular disease in future.

Why Are Routine Cardiovascular Examinations Important?

Cardiovascular diseases are mainly caused by the accumulation of fat in the blood vessels for many years. Different bad habits in life (such as smoking, drinking too much alcohol, and lack of exercise) will also increase this burden on the heart and body. By the time there are symptoms of cardiovascular disease, the disease may already have been brewing for a long time without notice. As such, it is important to acknowledge and tackle its preventable factors early before the condition grows severe.

Medical Treatment

Your doctor may prescribe different types of cardiovascular drugs for you, and their medication principles may vary. Even for the same type of cardiovascular disease, doctors may prescribe different types and dosages of drugs for different individuals. Please take the drugs under the guidance of a doctor or pharmacist.

Side Effects Due to Cardiovascular Medication

In addition to age, height, weight, and factors related to metabolism, genetics also may affect drug response, leading to side effects or unsatisfactory medication outcomes if not considered properly. Obtaining a drug response report through testing will therefore help the doctor or pharmacist choose a suitable drug type and dosage for you.

Medication instructions: as drug response is very complicated, in addition to genetic factors, there are other factors which may affect drug response.

After receiving the drug response test report, you must find feasible medication plans under the guidance of a doctor or pharmacist. Do not adjust the drug dosage or stop the medication yourself.

How to Reduce the Side Effects of Cardiovascular Drugs

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