What is Ataxia?
Ataxia is one of the categories of neurodegenerative diseases. Different Ataxia would affect patients’ limb coordination, speech function, eye movement, and muscle control at a different level. There are 50 to 100 types of Ataxia being found. Different types of Ataxia could be inherited or from a genetic mutation. Spinocerebellar Ataxia (SCA) is one of the common types of Ataxia. There are more than 40 subtypes for Spinocerebellar Ataxia alone.
What is Parkinson’s Disease?
Parkinson’s Disease is one of the types of neurodegenerative diseases. It is caused by the loss of neurons in the substantia nigra of the brain. Some of the typical symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are slowed movement, rigid muscles, shaking hands. Parkinson’s disease not only affecting older people. There are 10-20% of Parkinson’s disease patients in Hong Kong are with early-onset Parkinson’s disease which onset before age of 50. There are 5% of Parkinson’s disease cases are inherited.